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The Untold Story of How Black Hair...Became Black Empowerment

“I am a woman that came from the cotton fields of the South; I was promoted from there to the wash-tub; then I was promoted to the cook kitchen, and from there I promoted myself into the business of manufacturing hair goods and preparations … I am not ashamed of my past; I am not ashamed of my humble beginning. Don’t think that because you have to go down in the wash-tub that you are any less a lady!” -  Madam C.J Walker                                                                                               

  1. ON HER OWN GROUND: The Life and Times of Madam C.J. Walker by A’Lelia Bundles, Scribner, 2001


  1. BEAUTY SHOP POLITICS: African American Women’s Activism in the Beauty Industry by Tiffany Gill, University of Illinois Press, 2010


  1. HOPE IN A JAR: The Making of America’s Beauty Culture by Kathy Peiss - First University of Pennsylvania Press - 1998 -


  1. THE HISTORY OF BLACK BUSINESS IN AMERICA: Capitalism, Race and Entrepreneurship  by Juliet E. K. Walker, University of North Carolina Press, 2009


  1. HAIR STORY: Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in America by Ayana Byrd and Lori Tharps, St. Martins Press, 2001


  1. STORY OF PRIDE, POWER AND UPLIFT:  Annie T. Malone by J.L Wilkerson, Acorn Books, 2003


  1. 400 YEARS WITHOUT A COMB by Willie Morrow, Milady Publishing Corporation, 1984.


  1. HAIR RAISING: Beauty, Culture and African American Women by Nowlie M. Rooks, Rutgers University Press, 1996


  1. African American firms losing control of the ethnic haircare industry: Author: SPRUELL, SAKINA P. Publication: Black Enterprise- Date:Nov 1, 2000


  1. MADAM C.J WALKERS ROLE MODEL: by Annie Turnbo Malone (Author), Joel A. Freeman (Editor, Introduction)


11. LEARN TRADES or Starve May 1853: A paper by Fredrick Douglas '  The African Repository, Volume 29


12. Encyclopedia of Hair: A Cultural History:  By Victoria Sherrow, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006





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